The Arab Spring was nothing but a democratic uprising across the Arab World. It was a political liberation movement. The movement took place mainly in Middle East and North Africa. Actually, from the very beginning governments of Dictatorship have been ruling each countries . That means, one single ruler had all the supreme power in his entire country. Therefore, peoples became victims of poor education system, poor medical facilities, and many more political suppression. They even had to give a major portion of their income to the government. So citizens of those countries wanted to over throw the Dictatorship and establish a Democratic government.
In those countries Government’s policies were not in favour of common citizens. Even, if anyone tried to oppose the policy he/she had to face a brutal punishment by the government. Some peoples were jailed for more than 10 years. As a result, people’s anger against the government was at the Pic point. Just one last push was needed to turn the anger to a massive protest against the government. The first push and protest took place in Tunisia. Tunisia is country situated between Algeria and Libya.
Establishment of Democratic government in Tunisia:
The day was 17th of December 2010. There was a 26 years old fruit vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi. Local police authority of Tunisia forcefully took all his fruits and vegetables without any reason. Immediately he sat himself on fire and died on the spot. Immediately the news spread all over the country. The incident worked as the final push to over throw the Dictator from the Tunisia government. In every streets of Tunisia peoples started burning offices. Government officials were attacked here and there. At last, on 14th January 2011, the president of Tunisia Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was forced to flee from the country. And finally the Democratic government successfully established in Tunisia. The success of Tunisia protest spread across other countries and also inspired people’s there.
Arab spring countries:
The whole region saw the result of first Arab Spring protest in Tunisia. Peoples in other countries became more determined to establish a democratic government in their own countries. They also decided to give final push on democracy establishment. Thus Arab Spring spread in most of the countries of Middle East and North Africa. The countries in which Arab Spring spread heavily were Syria, Iraq, Libya, Yemen and Egypt. Other countries which witnessed minor protests are Morocco, Bahrain, Algeria, Iran, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman and Sudan. But in all places the protest of civilians put their life in more trouble.
The map shows the countries where the Arab Spring took places. The bottle green circle indicate complete peace [best condition] and the red circles indicate grounds of proxy war [worst condition]. Yellow, Orange and Light green circles are as per conditions.
Effect of the Arab Spring in the region:
Though the Arab Spring successfully established democratic government in Tunisia, other countries were badly affected. In each country the protests made the governments more brutal and aggressive . In some places government killed mass numbers of peoples. Consequently protesters became rebels. Some protesters took weapons also. Thus, ISIS and other extremist militant groups got chances to establish their organisations in disturbed areas. As a result, all the places where Arab Spring arose, became a ground of civil war. Some even became a ground of proxy war.
Little bit positive things also happened in some countries like Saudi Arabia, UAE etc. The government assumed that the protest may take place in their country also. So they destroyed the protest before it could take place. Government started making policies in favour of common citizens. The government offered food subsidies, more health benefit, wages rise etc. That means Arab Spring forced the government to provide more facilities to the citizens. But those who protested even after these facilities were punished brutally in secret. Thus the protester could not get their leaders and the government had succeeded in eliminating Arab Uprising form their country.
Why the Arab Spring failed in most of the cases?
The reality is, if you want to over throw the present then you should keep the future ready. That means, before over throwing the dictatorship, the process of establishing democracy should be started. But due to lack of proper leadership that did not happen in most cases. As a result, one dictatorship was replaced by another. This replacement further created a complete chaos in those places. Therefore extremist militant groups like ISIS started ruling some parts. Many foreign countries interfered and a proxy war had begun. Hope, you know what is going on Syria. Thus the Arab Spring not only failed to establish democracy but also created a ground of civil war.
Was the Arab Spring a complete failure?
Hopefully NOT. After Tunisia government was formed, peoples of other countries became more conscious about their own political rights. Government also felt that policies should be in favour of common citizens to maintain peace. And the result is here…..
- Money laundering and corruption had reduced in large scale.
- Government of all countries in the region started providing better facilities to the citizens.
- Political interference of common citizens had increased.
- Policies have been making in favour of common citizens.
Thus after the Arab Spring took place, government started offering more and more facilities to the common citizens. That means, despite living in Dictatorship government, citizens are getting facilities like the citizens of Democratic countries. So you can’t say that the Arab Spring was a complete failure.